With so many great-looking scale model ARFs to choose from today, one of the neatest ways you can make your particular Pitts Special or P-51 Mustang stand apart from the rest is to install a great-looking instrument panel for your pilot figure to look at. (You did install a scale pilot figure, didn’t you?) There’s something special about a model with added cockpit details, and everyone always takes a peek inside.
Top Flite T-34 Mentor with full cockpit detail.
To do a really good job of outfitting the front office, do a little research first to find out which types of instruments are appropriate for your model. Piper Cubs with wooden props would not have manifold-pressure gauges, and an F-86 Sabre Jet wouldn’t have a magneto switch. Some instruments have their bezels inset and flush with the panel, while others have the entire instrument face and the mounting flanges installed on the outside of the panel. You get the idea.
Decide how much detail you want to add. Sometimes, all you’ll have room for is an instrument panel and a pilot bust. But if you have sufficient space, you can extend it to a half- or full-depth cockpit. This way, you can add side panels, a pilot seat, a control stick and rudder pedals. The amount of detail is up to you.
Here are five great ways to add the magical details that will bring any model to life.
1: WOOD PANELS
A homemade wooden panel for a 1/4-scale Pietenpol Air Camper.
For vintage, open-cockpit airplanes, make your panel out of thin plywood layers. Cut the main back panel out of lite-ply or aircraft plywood, add a front faceplate with the instrument holes cut in it, add some photos of the instruments, and sandwich the entire assembly together with a thin sheet of acetate over the instruments to represent the glass plates. Stain and varnish the wood; then add some small screws to complete the look.
2: PHOTO READY
For an enclosed cockpit, bringing life to the model is as easy as installing a scale pilot bust (this one is from Cajun R/C Specialties) and a simple photo of an instrument panel. Take a photo of a commercial panel, or go on the Web and download an image of one. Print out the panel in the size you need on glossy, photo-quality paper. Cut the panel to shape, and glue it into place with some spray adhesive!
3: READY-MADE INSTRUMENT PANELS
Clockwise from top: this Stuka panel was scratch-built using Hobby Lobby instruments and bezels; a ready-made panel from Aerotech RC Models; an instrument kit from Hobby Lobby; and a panel for a Hangar 9 Giant Ultimate Bipe from Diamond Custom Panels.
The easiest way to outfit a cockpit is to use commercially available panels and just stick them into place. Some manufacturers offer custom-made panels for specific airplanes, but others make generic ones. You can trim them to size and make them fit a variety of different models. Separate scale instrument dial faces are also available from companies such as J’Tec and Hobby Lobby. Use them with scratch-built instrument panels.
4: COCKPIT INTERIORS
P-51 interior kit from Aerotech Models.
SE5a panels from Arizona Model Aircrafters’ kit.
Top Flite T-34 Mentor cockpit interior kit.
With enough room available, you can build an entire ìstageî to support the instrument panel. Some kits are available, but you can also make the parts out of bits and pieces from the workshop. Cut out pieces of heavy paper or plastic to form templates for the sides, rear bulkhead and cockpit floor. Tape them together to form the final layout and to see how everything will fit. You may have to trim some existing bulkheads to allow the templates to fit. Use the templates to develop the separate side panels, and work on each panel individually until it is complete. You can add knobs, switches and levers made of pinheads and strips of wire or thin aluminum. Paint each of the completed sections, and then add them to the inside of your cockpit area. If you are using a full-length pilot figure, make the seat and seatbelts to hold him in place.
5: FINE DETAILS
Above: Sopwith Camel interior kit from Arizona Model Aircrafters.
Cockpit detail parts from Hobby Lobby.
The little things add much to the realism of any cockpit. I think that after the pilot and instrument panel, the next most important item is the throttle quadrant. A very c onvincing throttle quadrant complete with throttle, prop pitch and manifold controls can easily be replicated by stacking thin layers of plywood or sheet plastic together and adding the control levers and knobs. I cut thin strips of aluminum from soda cans to make the levers (they’re easy to cut and bend to shape), and I use inexpensive necklace beads to make the end knobs. The beads come in various sizes and are easy to drill and paint. Just glue them to the ends of the levers.
For the ultimate in detail, you can add small placards to your panel and cockpit sides. Most are black with white lettering, and they are easy to print on a PC. Make your own, or download them from the Web.
Adding instrument panels and cockpit details is fun and really improves the look of any model–sport or scale. Give it a try, and see what a difference it makes!